Things you need to consider to create a perfect CV writing guide

Even before you appear for an interview at your dream workplace, this is your CV (curriculum vitae) that speaks on your behalf. So, so you can’t get it wrong, right? Your CV is the one that compels the interviewer to shortlist you so that you can show it to the team as to why you deserve that job. Hence, there is no chance that you let your CV not to grab eyes on your behalf. How you highlight your CV and what goes into the CV is very important. A CV writing should be the complete highlight of your professional career.

A CV is different from a resume in terms of details representation of all the employment, project and work done in the same field. Various countries have different formats and requirements of the CV. US and Canada accept one-page resume to summarise your professional career. However, when it comes to CV, you must explain every professional detail. A CV can range from 2-5 pages. However, depending on the type of profession, the number of CV pages determined. For example, an urban planner, engineers or IT professionals also need to highlight the projects that they have worked on.


CV / Resume Acceptance Countries Infographics

Various countries accept CV as the form of recruitment. Some countries have certain CV formats, and some follow a creative CV format.

In today’s day and age, where everyone wants to be financially independent, so CV has a huge role to play in our lives. Hence, it will be pointless if we explain that what is a CV? Rather, the question that needs to be answered is that what all you should include in your CV? The fact is that every other curriculum vitae will spin a different story of different candidates. The basic structure of every CV remains the same. Here we jot down a stepwise guide to create the kind of CV that represents your capabilities not only in 2018 but also for the years to come. A CV is a complete profile, and following are contents that you must highlight to enhance your CV. Here’s the complete CV writing guide:

Number of Pages

A resume is a one-page document summarising your CV. CV’s should have a limitation on the number of pages; preferably a CV should be limited to 3-4 number of pages. If you make your CV long, then it gets underlooked in the eyes of the recruiters. Again, the limitations are depended on the profession and information that you have. An entry-level CV’s have very less number of pages compared to the experienced professionals.


The CV format is very important for job application. A CV should be well formatted and structured based on your professional level and details that you can highlight. Certain countries have specific CV format, such as the European CV format is completely different and has specific guidelines. Some of the organization require you to create a Europass CV. Or you can make your CV in this European_CV format. Other countries have various other requirements. Sometimes the CV format is also specific to the industries such as graphic designers have a different CV format than an engineer or architect. Every profession has different requirements, and you have to understand which format will best suit your profession. Some profession requires you to highlight your best projects and some profession demands for experience and education etc.


Designing your CV is very important. Creating a good impression always enhances your chances of getting the job. You may be in any professional field, but if you have a great CV designed by a professional, every recruitment professional will have a glimpse of your CV. If you need professional help with your CV design, you can check on the VistaCV.


Word CV Template


Structure of your CV is also an important part of drafting your CV. CV Structure is the representation pattern based on your professional field. Every profession requires the different structure of your CV. Generally, you should structure your CV in the following order –

  • Profile/Summary
  • Timeline
  • Skills / Achievements
  • Languages
  • Educations and Training
  • Industry Specific Requirements
  • Softwares
  • Experience
  • Projects

What should your CV have in it?

A content of the CV should be complete, precise and to the point of your professional journey. Following are the list of the CV writing guide and content that you must include or consider in your CV.

Profile / Summary

Profile or the summary is the overview of your complete professional career. This is the best way to explain about the professional journey and how you can contribute your professional skills into the prospective company or job. A summary should not be more than 2-3 paragraphs.

  1. Details (name, profession and contact): Consider this the first and foremost part of the CV. These details are mentioned at the top of the CV. There is one common mistake that most of the folks tend to do; don’t write CV or Curriculum Vitae at the topmost segment of your page. This is understood that you have created a CV. So, consider your name as the title of your CV. While the professional title will vary from person to person, contact details have to include your mobile number, email ID and LinkedIn profile, if you have one.
  2. Personal profile: This is the segment where you describe yourself and state your objective to work for the betterment of the organisation. In short, this is one of the most important parts, which has to explain, A) Who are you? B) What is your vision for the organisation? C) What are your long term career plans?


A timeline is a modern approach of representing your professional career in a timeline format. This kind of representations provides the recruiter with a glimpse of your history and have a better idea of how you managed your professional career. We always recommend you to highlight your timeline on the first page of CV to provide a good impression to the recruiters.

Skills / Achievements

You can showcase achievements as a part of your CV. Achievements are the professional achievements, awards, success and educational achievements. If you do not have any achievements to showcase in your CV, then try to highlight the skills that you have and any contribution with your previous employment(s). Besides, skills are the basic highlights of your professional or personal skills that you can contribute to the prospective employer. A recruiter search for the education and the skills that you have for the advertised vacancy. In a CV, you can represent the skills in your educational or professional form such as for the IT engineer they can showcase the platforms they work on.


If you are applying for a job where languages matters for selection, then you must highlight your language skills. Most of the international and development jobs require you to mention your language skills. Having various language skills attracts the recruiters in most of the multinational companies. Further, enhancing your language skills also helps to travel and explore the world from a different perspective.

Education and Training

Just like the experience segment, the years of education should also be in the chronological order. The recent one gets at the top. Explain your grade, institute and the marks you scored. In the education section, explain what projects/assignments or research conducted during your college or university studies. Also, training of various skills will showcase a good image of your professional career. Training can be public speaking, excel or Microsoft office, management, finance or any professional development courses. Also, you can highlight professional training which is conducting during the start of your professional career or any online course you attended during your employment. Some organization hires you and provide various training to perform the job.

Industry Specific Requirements

Some CV should be designed and written according to the industry-specific requirements such as an IT software engineer’s CV is completely different from the History teacher’s CV. Write the CV according to your needs and structure according to your knowledge.


Software section is relevant for any professional. In this modern digital era, having software knowledge is a must to have. Show your software skills in the form of percentage progress bars. Highlight only the relevant software programs that are applicable to your professional career. For example, showcasing general software knowledge devalue your professional careers such as Windows or operating Mac in the software section.

Work experience

This segment defines your work experience that you have gathered so far. The years of your experience always give you a plus point over other candidates. Nonetheless, many companies do trust in fresher candidates as well. But if you are experienced, write it down in order of time. The latest get its place at the top and then soon. Write it in a tabular form; your job title, company, role and period of work.


Projects are also important for few industry specific professionals. However, not all professionals need a list of projects in their CV. If you belong to an industry where you managed projects such as in construction, IT Development, planning etc. You must highlight the projects with details in a format (name of the project,  location, your job description or requirements, and your contribution). If you have managed a lot of projects, then limit the number of projects which are very relevant and important for your professional development.


Yes, testimonials from the various organization or your colleagues can be included in your CV to enhance the reference recommendations. It will help you build trust whoever sees a reference letter with testimonials included in the CV.

Hobbies, interests and skills: What you are good for, explain it here. Mention what your hobbies are and what things interest you. Remember not to write anything for the sake of it. Every single word adds value to your CV. If you are writing net surfing as a hobby, make sure it is something that makes you excel in a searching keyword.

Quick tips: The size (10 to 12 pts) and style ((Calibri or Arial) of fonts also make a difference. Be sure to proofread your document a couple of times once you are through the making process.